Setting Up AWS VPC: Complete Tutorial for Beginners

A portrait painting style image of a pirate holding an iPhone.

by The Captain

April 6, 2024
AWS VPC Tutorial: Virtual Private Cloud Setup and Configuration

AWS VPC Tutorial: Virtual Private Cloud Setup and Configuration

AWS Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) is a powerful networking service that allows you to create isolated sections within the AWS cloud where you can launch resources. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the setup and configuration of an AWS VPC to help you understand its key concepts and functionalities.


Before we begin, make sure you have an AWS account set up and have access to the AWS management console.

Step 1: Create a Virtual Private Cloud

1. Log in to your AWS Management Console and navigate to the VPC dashboard. 2. Click on "Create VPC" and provide a name and CIDR block for your VPC. 3. Configure the VPC's networking settings, such as subnets, route tables, and internet gateways. 4. Review your settings and create the VPC.

Step 2: Create Subnets

1. In the VPC dashboard, click on "Subnets" and then "Create Subnet." 2. Choose the VPC you created in Step 1 and provide a name, CIDR block, and availability zone for the subnet. 3. Configure the subnet's route table and associate it with the subnet. 4. Repeat this process for each subnet you want to create within the VPC.

Step 3: Configure Route Tables

1. Navigate to the route tables section in the VPC dashboard. 2. Create a new route table and associate it with the subnets you created in Step 2. 3. Define the routing rules for the route table to control traffic flow within the VPC.

Step 4: Set Up Internet Gateway

1. In the VPC dashboard, click on "Internet Gateways" and create a new internet gateway. 2. Attach the internet gateway to your VPC to allow resources within the VPC to access the internet. 3. Configure the route table to route traffic through the internet gateway for external communication.

Step 5: Security Groups and Network ACLs

1. Configure security groups to control inbound and outbound traffic to your instances. 2. Set up Network Access Control Lists (NACLs) to provide an additional layer of security at the subnet level. 3. Define rules for both security groups and NACLs to restrict access based on IP addresses, protocols, and ports.


By following this tutorial, you should now have a basic understanding of how to set up and configure an AWS Virtual Private Cloud (VPC). This foundational knowledge will help you design secure and isolated network environments for your AWS resources.