Flutter Navigation

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by The Captain

May 14, 2023

Flutter Navigation with the MaterialApp Widget

Navigating between different screens in a Flutter app is a crucial part of the development process. Flutter provides several widgets and approaches to achieve this, but perhaps the most commonly used one is the MaterialApp widget.

The MaterialApp widget is the root of a Flutter app and provides various features and configurations, including the ability to set up a navigation system easily. Using the MaterialApp, you can define your app's routes and easily navigate between them.

Defining Routes

Before you can navigate between screens, you must first define your app's routes. You can do this by providing a map of String-WidgetBuilder pairs to the routes property of the MaterialApp. The key is the route's name, and the value is a function that returns the widget to display when navigating to that route.

  routes: {
    '/': (context) => HomePage(),
    '/settings': (context) => SettingsPage(),
    '/profile': (context) => ProfilePage(),

In this example, we've defined three routes: '/' for the homepage, '/settings' for the settings page, and '/profile' for the profile page. Note that the '/' route specifies the HomePage widget as its builder function.

Navigating to a Route

Once you've defined your app's routes, you can use the Navigator widget to navigate to them. The Navigator widget maintains a stack of Route objects, each representing a screen in your app. To push a new route onto the stack, use the Navigator.push() method and specify the route's name:

Navigator.pushNamed(context, '/settings');

This code will push the SettingsPage onto the stack and display it on the screen.

Passing Data Between Routes

Often, you'll need to pass data between different screens in your app. You can do this by providing arguments to the Navigator.push() method:

Navigator.pushNamed(context, '/profile', arguments: {
  'name': 'John Doe',
  'age': 25,

On the receiving end, you can access the passed arguments using the ModalRoute.of(context).settings.arguments property:

class ProfilePage extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final args = ModalRoute.of(context).settings.arguments as Map<String, dynamic>;
    final name = args['name'];
    final age = args['age'];

    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Profile'),
      body: Center(
        child: Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: <Widget>[
            Text('Name: $name'),
            Text('Age: $age'),

In this example, we've extracted the passed arguments to display them on the screen.


The MaterialApp widget provides a straightforward way to set up navigation in a Flutter app. By defining routes and using the Navigator widget, you can easily switch between different screens and pass data between them.